How to control an electric bicycle

An electric bicycle can be controlled in different ways, making use of a torque sensor or speed sensor. Many e-bikes get their input from speedsensors or rotationsensors, mostly located in the crank. These sensors just register if the cyclist moves the pedals or not and only can switch the support on or off. Therefore the amount of support only be regulared by manually changing the level by the cyclist, and bikes with speed sensors cannot offer the same intuitive riding performance as a  torque sensor. 

A torque sensor however gives the possibility to sens the level of effort of the cyclist, and to control the amount of support of the motor in accordance. A torque sensor also has a better respons on the actions of the rider, when the starts of stops the bicycling, the torque sensor will sens this instantaneous.

IDbike provides various sensor systems for measuring the crank torque.The TMM4 measures the torque of the cyclist accurately which enables a riding behaviour that feels smooth, natural and comfortable.

The TMM4 Sensor

The TMM4 sensor has the world's best price performance. It is a patented development of IDbike, and can be used for measuring the crank torque of the cyclist. Because of its high precision this sensor can be applied in electric bicycles as well as in power measurement systems. Here you can find is a  nice example of the application of our TMM 4 sensor

Due to the sensor’s   low profile  the rear drop out  can be designed so  that it covers the sensor completely.  This way the sensor is fully protected  and the appearance improved.


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The TMM4 sensor consists of a housing of engineering plastic, which holds a printed circuit board (pcb) , a magnet and a small set screw, which is used to calibrate the zero value

The sensor, mounted on the sensor plate, measures the deflection of the plate caused by the chain force. This, in turn calculates the pedal torque of the cyclist. The deflection is detected using Hall technology  and is maximal 0.1 mm.

 Stromer Schwarz Side2


The sensor is connected to the control unit with a 3 wired cable. The sensor can be hardwired or can be connected with a small connector.

The printed circuit is protected against moisture, salt and dust, by a special coating. The sensors are tested by immersion - in operationt - in salt water for at least one week.

And of course our sensors are tested under  extreme outdoor conditions:


foto5CO / Andreas Gutmann 



The sensor units are available in 2 versions:

  • Medium sensitivity for sportive bicycles, such as mountain bikes and speed pedelecs
  • High sensitivity for normal bikes like city and touring bicycles

Soon IDbike will be able to deliver new generation sensors, which will be smaller, completely flat, and with even better stability.


 The TMM4 Regular is the actual sensor unit, the compact will be available in the end of 2018, and the Super Compact, to be used with through axle in 2019.

Specifications TMM Sensor Unit

Supply voltage:

5 V
Output voltage: 0,1 V- 4,9 V 
Measuring range sensor unit: 120 Nm ( High sensitivity) / 300 Nm  (medium sensitivity)
Sensitivity TMM sensor unit:

 40 Nm/V (High sensitivity)/ 100 Nm/V  (medium sensitivity)

Tolerance on sensitivity: < 3 %
Allowable range ZTV (zero torque value):   0,5-2 V 
Temperature influence: < 1 mV/ ºC
Electrical disturbance: < 10 mV
Effect of moisture: < 10 mV
Operational temperature: -10 - 60 ºC
Storage temperature: -40 - 85 ºC
Durability: At least 10 million cycles
Protection Class: IP66 >> protection aigainst water and dust



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